CompTIA Accelerated A+ (220-901 / 220-902)

Vendor-neutral hardware and software technologies24 H 2 M

CompTIA's A+ 900 Series is usually the first set of certification exams IT professionals take. Learn about hardware, networking, security, and how to pass the tests.

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  • Windows Operating Systems
    • Windows Features and Installation
    • Windows Features and Installation Part 2
    • Windows Features and Installation Part 3
    • Microsoft Command Prompt and Runline
    • Windows Tools and Control Panel
    • Windows Client Networking
    • Windows Disk Management
  • Other Operating Systems and Technologies
    • Virtualization and Cloud Concepts
    • Network Hosts and Services
    • Mobile Devices
    • Mobile Devices Part 2
    • Mobile Device Data and Syncing
    • Other Mobile Device Technologies
  • Security
    • Threats, Vulnerabilities and Prevention
    • Workstation and Windows Security
    • Data Destruction
    • Securing SOHOs
  • Troubleshooting
    • Troubleshooting PC OS Issues
    • Troubleshooting PC Security Issues
    • Mobile OS, App and Security Issues
  • Operational Procedures
    • Safety Procedures and Environmental Controls
    • Privacy, Licensing and Policy
    • Communication and Professionalism
    • Troubleshooting Theory
  • Networking
    • TCP/IP Properties and Ports
    • TCP/IP Properties and Ports Part 2
    • Wireless and SOHOs
    • Cabling and Connectors
    • Network Devices and Tools
    • Internet Connections and Network Types
  • Hardware
    • BIOS and UEFI Configuration
    • Motherboards and PSUs
    • RAM and CPUs
    • Storage Technologies
    • PC Connections and Cables
    • Expansion Cards and Peripherals
    • SOHO Setup
    • Printers and Maintenance
    • Display Devices
    • Custom PCs
  • Mobile Devices
    • Laptop Hardware and Features
  • Troubleshooting
    • Troubleshooting Mobos, RAM, CPUs and Power
    • Troubleshooting Hard Drives and RAID Arrays
    • Troubleshooting Display and Video
    • Troubleshooting Networking
    • Troubleshooting Printers

Windows Features and Installation

28 M

  • Episode Description
  • Transcript

In this episode, Daniel and Wes explore the Windows Operating System features and installation. Specific topics discussed includes: Architecture, Versions and Editions, and Features (Aero/Gadgets/Sidebar/UAC).

Welcome to IT Pro TV, I'm your host, Don Pezet, coming at you live- [CROSSTALK] [MUSIC] >> You're watching IT Pro TV. >> All right, greetings everyone, and welcome back to another great episode of IT Pro TV. I'm your host, Daniel Lowrie, and in today's episode we're actually starting off our accelerated A+ course, kinda taking the best of 902 and 901, slamming them together, and giving you just what you need so that you can get into that exam booth and pass it as soon as possible. This does assume some knowledge, of course, because, well, we're accelerated. We 're hoping that you've some basic foundational knowledge already underneath your belt. If so, this is definitely the course for you. Joining us to help steer this ship, to help get you to where you need to be, which is A+ certified, our good friend and mentor, Mr Wes Brian. Wes, welcome to the show, sir. How's it going today? >> Man, it's going great. Great to dive in to this acceleration or accelerated show, like Dan says. And that's right, we're gonna be looking at our operating system today. And let's say our operating system. Let's go ahead and be a little bit more specific than that cuz there is a few of them out there, right? More specifically, we're gonna be looking at the Windows operating system and some of the things that you should know when it comes making a choice, well, which Windows edition do I get inside of my computer, which one should I get, as well as some of the features that are available. And then finally, what we're gonna look at is a little bit about the installation of the operating system. Now, one of the first things that we're gonna start out by, if you're gonna talk about Windows in general, is just, well, what basically is Windows, right? Well, the Windows Operating System, basically, like any other operating system, it allows you to control your hardware. The Windows Operating System is gonna be a good majority of your A+ exam. And one of the reasons that is, is because historically, it's had pretty much the majority of the Enterprise market when it comes to PC in general, computers. Now, you'll notice that in other episodes we do talk about the Mac operating system, we talk about the Linux operating system. So understand that I'm not saying one is better than the other. They all have their goods and sometimes they all have their drawbacks at times. But an operating system essentially is an operating system. It allows you access to the hardware. Now, Windows, one of the things that kinda made Windows really, really famous is they kinda revolutionized, and they certainly weren't the first to invent it, but they definitely revolutionized, it was a Graphical User Interface and Point and Click technology. Like I said, if you do a little bit of historical research, which really isn't gonna benefit you on the exam, is the fact that they weren't the first ones to do the Graphical User Interface by any means. But again, it became very, very common in the Enterprise market due to things like the tenacity of Bill Gates and marketing, if you will. Now, that being said, if you are gonna install a Windows operating system, one of the first things that you need to know about your operating system is what architecture are you going to use, all right? When we talk about the architecture that you're gonna use, well, there are two different types of architecture. Actually, it's really three types of architectures. But I will go ahead, I'll mention only two that I really think that you have to worry about. We have what's known as 32-bit architecture. You have what's known as 64-bit architecture. Now, the third one is actually something called ARM architecture, that's the Advanced Risk Machine, that's more for mobile devices. And we do have later additions of Windows, as late as Windows 10. Don't worry about that for the exam. But at the time of the recording, I just mention it because it it a ARM-based solution. However- >> I was gonna say, Wes, this is, when you say architecture, this is when I look at maybe a download or something it says 32-bit or 64-bit, or x86 or x86_64, right? >> And that's a great question because that's where it gets confusing, right? All those numbers. Why couldn't they just stick with one, right? >> I don't know [LAUGH]. >> Well, what is x86? What does that mean? Well, when you first start out, well, when computers first started out, it was basically led by Intel, right? One of the most major microprocessing, and today we just call the processor CPU. Processor companies in the world. Well, when they started out, they started out with really an 8-bit, 16-bit architecture that was built on top of a CPU called an 8086, or the 86 processor family, right? Well, later on as we progressed, 32-bit became very, very popular and the instruction set that would run on that family of processors, the DNA if you will, that the processors would run on, was something known as x86. And x86 meant, going all the way back to earlier things, x is like a variable if you will, for like the 80_86, and maybe you remember these earlier processors. I don't remember. There was a lot. It was in 86 series, essentially. So they said, okay, well, we're gonna say anything that's 32-bit essentially became what's known as x86 architecture, right? So that is 32-bit. It gets a little confusing because then when you look at 64-bit, right, you hear x64. Well, what's x64? Well, that's actually what Microsoft brands, and since we're talking about a Windows operating system, I'm glad you mentioned it. X86 in Microsoft land, and really for the rest of the world, means 32-bit architecture. X64 means 64-bit. So like Dan said, if you're making a decision on what application you should be downloading, right? Well, you have to pay attention to the underlying processing architecture. Now, the other thing to keep in mind, too, is that the processing architecture that you decide on, the one that you're gonna purchase, is also going to be a limiting factor on memory, all right? well, at lest one will be. X86 architecture is a 32-bit operating system, which means it's 32 binary one bits side by side, right? That is the data path that it'll support. You have to understand that 32-bit has a maximum of 4 gigs of RAM. So if I have 32-bit operating system, doesn't matter how much RAM you try put in that operating system, it is only gonna support 4 Gigs. Understand that 64-bit means you can get past that type of limitation. There's a theoretical limitation, I think it's 16 exabytes or something like that. It's an astronomical number. It's mind-boggling. But we don't have anything right now that supports that. Now that being said, too, you have to understand that even though, theoretically, the architecture might be unlimited, the operating system is not, all right? It's not unlimited, right? Understand that in certain additions of Windows, you might only be able to see, and this is still is mind boggling, 128 Gigs of RAM, right? Again, so it really does lend itself to what operating system are you going to get, right? How much memory do you need to see? Now, in the earlier days, and I also wanna take just a second and talk briefly about other additions, other 64-bits, I guess, brands if you will, naming conventions, and that's AMD64, all right? Now, we've been talking largely about Intel, and Intel really paved the way for all micro-processors that would came out later. And that's where we get 86 term, the x86 term. But really, when it comes to 64-bit architecture, it isn't Intel that we follow. It's what's known as AMD 64. AMD 64 is actually 64-bit architecture, and that's what you might see things like drivers, right? Little piece of software that allows you to communicate with your hardware might be called AMD64. You might see x64. Now, does that mean Intel didn't have a 64-bit platform? Yeah, they had a 64-bit platform. It wasn't that great, and it wasn't that popular, and that was IA 64. >> Right, they named it something strange. >> Like Intel Architecture, IA-64. >> Yeah, and people were like why didn't you just call it x64? You got x86, and they kind of like behind the 8-Ball on that, right? >> Yeah, definitely. >> AMD cam along and said If you're not gonna, I sure as heck will [LAUGH]. >> Yeah, and what they did is they also have a work-around for the instruction set, so you might see well, hey, we've got this x86 architecture, so they also came out with x86-64. >> Right. >> Which is just [CROSSTALK] yeah. Exactly, it just throws it off. So understand basically in the, since we're talking about Windows more than anything, what you're gonna see is just like Dan mentioned in the very first point of this architecture, x86, x64. Now, also remember that that's a memory limitation. 32-bits is 4 gigs. Beyond that, for 64-bit, you typically don't have to worry to much about a limitation outside of the hardware, alright? All right, so, next thing we have to talk a little bit about, we talked about the versions of the operating system and the additions. And you might say, well, wait a second, Wes, didn't you say features and installation? What the heck would I worry about versions and additions? Well, really tells you what features are gonna be available in your operating system, and they could ask you on the exam. All right, what I mean by that is if you get, typically, if you need a little bit more in depth, understand that we do have our full version of A+, but when you get home editions of Windows, right? You don't get business class features, right? Let me give you an example. If I get a home edition of Vista, and Vista's by the timing that you're probably watching this you're saying, well, I don't have Vista anyway. But even in Windows 7 and Windows 8.1, if you have the Home-centric editions, right? Home Premium and Windows 7, Home Basic. You aren't gonna be able to use something like BitLocker. BitLocker's not even included in it, right? Because BitLocker is a drive encryption technology that they say, you know what? That's probably something a corporate users gonna use, right? That's something that an enterprise, like for instance, the corporation that Dan used to work for dealt with sensitive information, right? They might wanna implement something like Bitlocker to do drive encryption to make sure that the mobile devices that they have, more specifically like the laptops, that maybe have to go out on site to do a claim, if they get lost, if they get stolen, right, that that information doesn't make it into the wrong unauthorized hands, right? So that's gonna be something that you see in your business additions. The Ultimate additions we also want you to know. When it comes to those additions, those typically have all the features. Every feature you find in the Home editions and the business editions all wrapped into one, okay? So please keep that in mind. The other editions of Windows Vista, well, Windows Vista and Windows 7, they had the Ultimate editions. And then when Windows 8 came out they said, you know what, there are so many different editions. There's Home Basic. No, actually, let's go the whole list. Home Starter, Home Basic, Home Premium, Business, and then they changed it to Professional in Windows 7. Enterprise and Ultimate. >> They realized they had too many irons in the fire at this point. >> I think they did, Dan, yeah, good way to put that. So when Windows 8.1, and now even today with later versions of Windows, they have three editions, make it a lot easier. You have a Home edition, and you have a Professional edition. Home edition is for home-centric. Professional edition is for your business environments. But there is a third one, right, that all of them have, and that's called an Enterprise level, right? Today, Windows 8.1 would be Home, and they don't even call it home, they call it Windows 8. And they have Windows 8.1, if you will, Professional, or Pro they call it. And then they have Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Enterprise. That's also in Vista and Windows 7. Now, this is for companies that need lots of editions of Windows, right? I believe the volume license agreement with Microsoft is 250 editions, or license and above, all right? Well, when you have that bulk of operating systems that you need to purchase, at a certain point they realize that that's a lot of money to buy individual Windows operating systems. So they allow you to enter into an Enterprise level contract, right? So what does Enterprise features have? Everything that the Ultimate editions do. Think of it today is that an Ultimate edition is kind of like your Enterprise. It gives you all of those business class features. Things like applocker, being able to control applications that users can execute on their machines, right? In a home environment, if you need that kind of functionality, you use parental controls. Parental controls is not something you're probably gonna set up inside of a corporate environment. But an admin like Dan would wanna be able to push out a setting across the entire network that says, no, you're not gonna use that unlicensed, unauthorized piece of software. I'm locking it down. You're gonna use what we paid for so that we don't have some kind of license violation, right? Again, to kind of give you an example. So I do want you to be aware of that. Next thing you have to worry about are things like, they call them upgrade paths. What is an upgrade? Well, we got a couple of different types of upgrades here. We've got what's known as a, well, let's go ahead and talk about what an upgrade is in general, all right? An upgrade is when I take an older operating system, older version of Windows, and I upgrade it to a newer version of Windows, all right? And there are certain upgrade paths that you have to follow. Certain operating systems can be upgraded to certain editions of Windows. Certain, I should say not operating systems, but certain editions of Windows can only be upgraded to certain editions of Windows. And let me show you what I mean here, make it a little bit less confusing, right? So in upgrade paths right here, we've got Vista with service pack one and service pack two, right? Home Basic can upgrade to Home Basic Premium or Ultimate. Notice here, and you guys can again, in the accelerated edition you might have to pause this to kinda memorize this information. We want you to memorize the information. But notice one thing that isn't in this list, right? Notice that I can't take Home Basic and upgrade it to Professional Windows 7. It's not allowed, all right? You want those features, you want professional features, you gotta go all the way up to Ultimate. That's just the way the upgrade path works. Notice when I have Business. Business already has in Vista a lot of extra features that the Home Premium editions didn't. So I can't do a downgrade, right? I can't go from business to Home Basic, right? You just can't do that. >> Doesn't make sense to. >> It really doesn't, right? So there are upgrade paths. Enterprise requires a volume license agreement. Enterprise to Enterprise, right? That's part of something that they call software assurance. And this is actually a pretty good thing with Microsoft, right? Let's say you go to Microsoft, you say here's a $10,000 check for our additions of Windows that we need. They say okay, here's your operating systems. And six months later they come out with a new version of Windows. You'd probably feel left out, right? You'd probably feel a little irritated by the fact that you just dropped a big old check like that, or maybe even more, if you've got thousands of computers, and now there's a new operating system out. Well, guess what? Software assurance says, hey, if we come out with a new product, guess what? That license rolls over to the new edition of Windows. And that's why Enterprise to Enterprise, that's the way that works. Ultimate to Ultimate as well. So we can look here, if we can see Ultimate to Ultimate. And look at all the different editions. That's why it was great when we see Windows 8. Now you can also do, within Windows 7, you can do it's upgrades. Let's say I started out with the Starter Package. Well, that's redundant, started out with Starter. >> [LAUGH] >> I can upgrade to the next level up, Home Premium, Professional, and Ultimate, right? You look here, I can go from Professional. Now, and you guys, again, take a second if you need to, and stop the video, and you can kinda write these down, right? But notice that I'm always stepping up. You're not stepping back, all right?. Home Premium, I can go to Professional. I can go a step up, right? Cuz I've already got Windows 7. >> Yeah, not really an upgrade if you're staying either in the same level, or going the other way. That's not an upgrade. We're going up to the next thing that's better, right? >> Yeah, very good point. And I would say, and I didn't even think about that, that's probably a good way to remember it for the exam. So a little exam tip you got from Dan, and I wasn't even thinking about that, great. Upgrade always ups whatever the features are. Notice that I can go from professional. Let's say I got a pro machine. But I want some of the extra features that Ultimate would give me. So, well, now I want that. Well, you could upgrade to Ultimate. Now, when we start getting in Windows 7 and Windows 8, I love it. Boy, this list just gets littler and littler, right? >> [LAUGH] >> Notice that we have Windows 8 and Windows 8 Pro. Anything lower can go to Windows 8 and Windows Pro, right? if we look at Professional, Professional can go to Windows 8 Pro. Windows 7 Ultimate can go to Windows 8 Pro, right? Cuz that's the only three things that they have in Windows 8 and 8.1. Make it easy. And you're gonna see, I could also do the same thing for Windows 8.1. Again, Windows 8 and Windows 8.1. They have just Windows 8 or Windows 8.1. They have Windows 8 or 8.1 Pro. And then Windows 8 or 8.1 Enterprise. Notice Enterprise isn't in the list? It's Enterprise to Enterprise. That's all, you can always remember that one, all right? Other things. I wanna go from Windows 8 to Windows 8.1. Again, architecture to architecture. Upgrade, I really like that. I'm gonna steal that, right? >> [LAUGH] >> Even if the camera says you said it first, I'm stealing it. >> [LAUGH] It's a Wes Bryant original. >> [LAUGH] That's right. So notice, we have Windows 8 to Windows 8.1. Windows 8 to Windows 8.1 Pro. You can always see that it's stepping up. There was a Media Center for a little bit, Windows 8 Pro with Media Center, but I didn't really agree with this one. I kinda liked Media Center, but they stripped Media Center out of it. And the reason they did that is because they said, well, a lot of people are using other third-party type software. Media Center basically allows you to stream TV, if you will, and videos and stuff to your computer as well. We've got so many different products today that do that. The were like, well, a lot of people are going with a third party, so we'll go ahead and just take it out of there. All right, Windows 8.1, that's a small list. You got Windows 8.1, it can go to Windows 8.1 Pro. >> I think I can remember that one, Wes. >> [LAUGH] >> It's a tough one, bud. >> Yeah, most- >> [LAUGH] >> [CROSSTALK] right? Some special considerations that I want you to keep in mind, all right? We don't do cross architecture, all right? That doesn't happen. And that could be, exam alert, I can see that kinda being an exam alert, right? These are few little facts that if you can get them under your belt it will accelerate your training, accelerate what you your productivity and your success on the exam, right? No cross architecture upgrades, right? Can't go 32 bit, 64. Can't go 64 to 32 bit. Doesn't work that way. The other thing is Cross Language, right? So you'll see that with your installation media, a lot of times it will have the two letter country code in front of it. For instance, here in the States here, and I'm sure you've seen the ISOs for Windows there, Dan. Ours usually say EN_ and then whatever the Windows operating system is after that. Just lets us know that it's English, right? So, for instance, they've got the Korean version and its KN_ and they've got Japan, I think it's JP, isn't it? >> I think so. >> JP or JN, something like that. >> I think it's JP. >> JP, yeah, and it's underscore, right? So you can't do cross language. That's not supported. The only one, VL editions- >> Very large editions, right? >> What's that? >> Very large editions, that's right. >> [LAUGH] >> [LAUGH] >> It is about, the ISOs are up about three? Well, they're pretty big, so it is a very large edition. That's your volume license editions, right? You can do upgrades between volume license editions, and that’s one of the ones, it just makes it easy to remember. You have Enterprise, the only thing you’re upgrading to is Enterprise, and nothing in between. And so it makes it easier so you don't have to remember all these different editions, which is one of the great things I like about the new model. Three different editions of that version of Windows. >> Yeah, stop killing us with all these 7,000 different editions of Windows. We get it, it’s Windows. >> Yeah. >> Make one for the Home, make one for the Enterprise level, and make some for Professional. It's that simple. >> Definitely. Now, some of the other things that they talk with upgrades. I went ahead and put in the same list as, these are the upgrades and the upgrade paths. Like knowing what an upgrade is, right? I will tell you, one last thing that I wanna mention is that there are upgrades that are in-place upgrades, and they're what are known as clean installation upgrades, all right? Let me tell you what I mean by that. Let's say that you wanna upgrade to edition that doesn't support an in-place upgrade, which means I take the older operating system, older version of Windows, and I wanna do that upgrade. I wanna upgrade by putting the newer version of Windows on top of it. If that's supported, that's called an in-place upgrade, right? Cuz your old operating system is still in place when you upgrade the old one, right? I'm gonna give you a classic example of that. You have Windows 8. You wanted to go to Windows 8.1 Pro? In-place upgrade. Slap it right over the top. >> So you take your box, you slap the disc in, you run the installer or the upgrade little wizard, you walk through it, next thing you know, you reboot the box, your on 8.1 from 8.0. >> Absolutely. Now, there's also what's known as kind of like a wipe and load.. And that is an upgrade that requires a clean installation. I go to Microsoft, because when you pay for an upgrade license, they say, well, you already have Windows, technically, you really didn't to upgrade. So, we'll give you a deal, we'll encourage you to upgrade. You'll pay less for the operating system than buying it brand new if you never had the operating system. That's, some people are like, well, why don't I just go out and buy the operating system? Why would I upgrade at all? Because you typically get almost $100 dollars off per edition. >> That's pretty good savings. >> Yeah, it really is. So that's why I mention that, and that's why they have it. They make it worth your while, if you will, to upgrade to the new operating system. But if it's not supported, a direct in-place upgrade, you have to do a clean installation. Which you go to Microsoft, you pay them for the Operating System, you pay maybe the discount, if you will, and you have to format your hard drive and you install the new operating system on top of it. All of these upgrades require a previous licensed version of Windows. Don't think you're gonna be able to get the turn and burn cracked version of Windows, and that this is gonna allow you to upgrade. So please keep that in mind, too. >> This is what I love about Linux. >> [LAUGH] >> Don't have to worry about this stuff. [LAUGH] >> That's right, and that's a good point, right? In other operating systems, we talk about closed source and proprietary versus open source. Microsoft has Windows under a closed source proprietary implementation. All right, so upgrades. One of the last things I want to talk about when it comes to upgrades, then we'll mention just a few of the features that you need to be aware of, all right, are these two upgrade utilities that we have right here. We have what is known as Easy Transfer, we have what's known as a User State Migration Tool. So if we could take a look at here, you can see Easy Transfer, Window's Easy Transfer is inside of, well, Windows. And in fact, let me go ahead and get into my Windows 8. Actually, let's go to Windows 7. And I'll tell you why I'm going to Windows 7 and I didn't go to Windows 8 here, in a sec. And you'll see, it's actually in the list. I think I can just type easy. All right, yeah, well, that makes it easy, right? >> [LAUGH] >> Windows Easy Transfer. All right, Windows Easy Transfer is called Easy Transfer for a reason. It's a really quick wizard driven easy breezy way to take your data, migrate it, and transfer it over to the new operating system when you decide to do the upgrade, right? >> Now hold up there, Wes. Isn't there also some something called the User State Migration Tool? >> Scary. >> Yeah. >> Scary. You gotta watch that one, right? Because this is GUI drive, wizard based, and even Wes can handle the word Next. But what I can´t do is type to save my life. >> [LAUGH] >> So, you gotta be careful with the next one. And the next one, if we look back here at my slide, is the USMT, the User State Migration Tool. And with that USMT it´s a little bit different, right? See, the Easy Transfer is you can see some of the things that we talked about. Small deployments. Microsoft really recommends no more than five computers. You do have cable, too. They had an Easy Transfer cable that you can plug between machines. >> I remember that. >> And it would do it automatically for you. So again, they try to make it easy. Again, it's It's wizard driven. Now one of the reasons I didn't go to 8.1 for it is because it's deprecated in later versions. When they came out with something known as file history, they said hey, if you're gonna back up your information, use file history and back it up to an external drive. Then if you need to upgrade, you can pull that information from file history back down. User State Migration, like I said, this tool,I'm just gonna say, whoa now, whoa. >> [LAUGH] >> Slow the horses right, it's because it is command line driven and it is there for major deployments, large deployments. It can do 500,000 computers, it's script based and it is XML based right, it's in the command line, so you have to know syntax. And when I say command line, we're gonna talk about command line in another episode, but we're talking about the command prompt entering into text based commands, and you have to know what you're doing. It has two utilities. It has what's known as scanstate.exe and loadstate.exe. On the computer that you wanna take and migrate the information on, you run scanstate. That's what grabs that information. Then you take that information from the location that you saved it to and after you do the upgrade, or if you're upgrading it to a completely different machine, you'll run loadstate and that loads all of those settings. Again that's what's known as a migration, all right so no USMT. All right, now, last few things that we wanna say in this, and I know we're definitely gonna go into a part two, we'll take care of the installation coming up, is that I just want to kinda move through a couple of the features that you have inside of your Window's operating system. One of the things that they call out is the Arrow Interface. The Arrow Interface is in Windows 7. Now it's not in Windows 8. It's not in Windows 10. Actually it was in Windows- >> [CROSSTALK] Vista. >> As well too, that's right. It's in Windows Vista and it's in Windows 7. It was a nice visually rich interface I remember, I think is how Microsoft used the branding was in my Microsoft training, is that it allows translucencies, in fact let me show you some of the Arrow features here. If I opened up a window here, it allows you to do snap like that, the snap feature. I can drag things to the side, right? I can drag things to the other side and it snaps side by side, so it's got a lot of productivity features, but again it's more of a visually rich interface. Does require some extra resources. By today's standards, these aren't really too bad, but in the days that it came out it did require certain bit of video graphics memory and stuff, not something that you really have to worry about today. Now you also have what are known as gadgets. If you right-click on the desktop, you can see gadgets here. Gadgets are are great because these are like little mini applications. Now in the days of Vista, the applications were actually docked to something known as the sidebar over here. That sidebar also took up additional resources. In Windows 7, they said you know what? If you can take, and you can move these. Oops, let me just close that down. If you can take these gadgets, and what you can do is, you can move them out of the side bar, if you didn't want them docked there, and you can move them all around. So, they said, you know what? Since, you can already take them and move them around anyways, what's the point of the side bar, so they got rid of it. >> [LAUGH] >> That's why the side bar isn't here in Windows 7. And I will tell you that gadgets have been completely done away with inside of Windows 8 and Windows 8.1. There were some security vulnerabilities but, in Windows 7 you do have these many apps known as gadgets. Now Vista also introduced something known as the User Account Control. This is something known as the Standard Users Security Architecture. It is something that we do have today, and it is something that you have to be aware of. When we talk about Standard User Security Architecture, we're actually talking about something that only allows an administrator, to make modifications to your registry, install software and to configure key security settings, right? I can show you here real quick, if I go to the Start button. Go to Control Panel. You'll notice that there are User Accounts. Then we'll go to User Accounts again, and you'll notice that we can manage our user account settings, right here, all right? It depends on how strict you want it. Depends on where you move the slider bar, I would say that on your exam you wanna pay attention to what these different settings do. Now that being said, man, I'm looking down our list and it does look like we're running out of time, we got a few more things to talk about. So, how about this? We'll go ahead, we'll go into a part two. And what I was thinking about, is we can finish through the features, and we can run through some installation basics, because, well, I don't think we're gonna fit it in this one. >> Not a problem Wes. We can definitely roll part two out for you. We're always happy to extend that privilege to our good SMEs here at ITPro.TV. That being said, you're right looking at that clock, we are well out of time for this episode, so definitely come back and see what Wes has in store for our part two. And now we will call it a day. Thanks for joining us everyone. Signing off for ITPro.TV, I've been your host, Daniel Lowrie. >> And I'm Wes Bryan. >> And we'll see you next time. [MUSIC] Thank you for watching ITPRO.TV.

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