PC Maintenance

PC Maintenance2 H 10 M

This course is designed to go over all the basic aspects of PC maintenance for any PC user with a focus on configuring and installing hardware and software.

  • PC Maintenance
    • HDD Replacement and Installation
    • Post OS Installation and Configuration
    • Using Windows File History
    • Backing Up with Windows Backup and Restore
    • Restoring Windows Backup and Restore

HDD Replacement and Installation

14 M

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  • Episode Description
  • Transcript

In this episode Zach and Wes look at how to replace and install a hard drive as part of PC maintenance. They will show the viewers how to determine which drive to purchase and the step-by-steps to get the hard drive installed. Finally they will demonstrate how to install an operating system on the PC.

Welcome to ITPRO.TV. I'm your host Don [CROSSTALK] [MUSIC] >> You're watching ITPRO.TV. >> Hello and thank you for choosing ITPRO.TV empowering the world through engaging learning. I'm your host Zach Memos and this is PC maintenance. We're going to be doing HDD replacement and installation. And we matched our IT expert, Wes Bryan, to help us out. Wes, thanks for doing this. [CROSSTALK] Appreciate it, lot of hard work this guy right here. >> Absolutely, this is gonna be a fun one. I tell you what if you've ever been around a computer, when it comes to components it's not a matter of if they're gonna fail, it's always a matter of when they're gonna fail. And that's what we're gonna look at in this episode. Is because there are times when maybe you push the power under your computer and it doesn't boot up, right? Or maybe you get some low-resolution text that's letting you know there's a problem. But worst case scenario, you aren't getting into your operating system. So it is important to understand how to replace a hard drive. So when we talk about PC maintenance, that's what we're gonna be looking at in this episode. Now, I do want you to keep in mind that part of PC maintenance that can help save you a lot of headache, is to make sure you're running backup software. Now, on other episodes within pc maintenance, we show you how to run even just a basic system backups so that if if your hard drive does fail, and again, not if but when your hard drive fails, you'll be able to restore that operating system to an earlier point in time. But when we're looking at in this episode is just how do I get that hard drive replaced and we'll be looking at some of the different components. >> So Wes, what are some of the things we need to consider when replacing the hard drive? >> Yes, Zach, that's a great question. Cuz there are all different types of drive technologies out there. The big thing is just making sure the standard that you have. Again performance is something that we have to consider too. Solid state drive versus traditional mechanical drive. If your hard drive does fail, let's go ahead and see what that looks like. I'll tell you what Zach, can you go ahead and help me out and push power. >> Sure. >> And we will see what that looks like. So when this computer boots up, one of the things that you're gonna notice right away is that, after it gets through it's BIOS screen which we should see it here is a second, you'll see the ASUS, this just happens to be an ASUS motherboard here. And notice what it's telling us. Reboot and select a proper boot device. Now, I know that I have a hard drive in this machine. So what we've done here is we've got some kind of hard drive failure, so what we're gonna need to do is we're gonna need to replace it, right. Well, in order to do that, one of the biggest things, another consideration that you have to just keep in mind is what does the motherboard support? All right, well in order to see what the motherboard supports, we actually have to look at what the motherboard is. Now, if you have one of these computers that you bought from a manufacturer, you can just look with the manufacturer's manual specifications. If it happens to be like the one I have here, this is one that was actually built piece by piece. So it will be something a little more specific, and what I need to do, I need to find out what is the motherboard I have. All right, so let's go ahead and do that. We'll take a look into this computer here. And one of the first things that we have to do in order to essentially see what motherboard we have, we have to take off the case. So, we've got a computer right here and what we're gonna do is we're gonna go ahead and we're gonna do just that. Now, understand that in taking off this case I am not by any means touching anything in here. We're gonna power that down when we actually do the replacement, but we'll take off the case cover. And you'll notice right down in here I actually have what board this is. This happens to be the Asus. It's the MSA97 revision, I believe R2. So I take that information, and then what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna come back over to my computer and we have to go, we have to do some shopping, right? So one of the things we have to do, is I went ahead and got Zach's credit card while he wasn't looking. >> He always does that. >> Zach, sorry about that. >> Every time. >> And we're going to go shopping here, so let's go ahead and do that. On my screen here, I've already gone ahead and I've gone out to a place like newegg. You can go to any reseller you want. Again, understand, we're not really making any money off this, but they've got a good inventory here. And this is actually the motherboard that I want. So what I need to do is I need to find what are the specifications. And you can do this, again depending on what website you're on. One of the things I like is I just look at the specifications right here and I need to find out what is the drive technology that is supported on this machine? You can see right here storage devices, right? I can see that this is a SATA 6 drive right the earlier specification would be SATA 3. Keep in mind by the way, you can put a SATA 6 drive and a SATA 3 port on your motherboard, it's just gonna throttle itself down to the slower speed. So that is a consideration and what I mean by that is you will find, in fact, let me go ahead and show you this, a couple of good pictures on here and let me go ahead and bring up the picture of the motherboard, and we'll kinda zoom in. And one of the things that you'll notice here, and where are they? There they are. You notice how we have these SATA 6 GB per second, right? That lets me know that these are the SATA 6 standard, right? It's the newest standard. That's the big thing. If you're looking for performance, you want the newest standard. If you wanna learn more about the standards and specifications, check out Comp T and A plus shows. And we go a- >> Um-hm. >> Little bit more in depth because you have to be able to know this technology in order to support- >> It's a great show, too, by the way. >> For the help desk. All right. So we know what we need, right? Now the next portion of this would just be to buy the appropriate drive, right? You have to, again, keep in mind. Do you want, do you want size? Cause capacity is sometimes very important for people. So that might be a reason to go with an HDD, right, the hard dark drive versus a solid disk drive, right SSD, the solid state drive, excuse me, solid state drive is the one that. Capacity use, the bigger the capacity, the more expensive it is but the better performance so gotta kinda weigh cost and performance here. What we are gonna do is we are gonna go ahead, and we gonna replace the fail drive, Its a little drive its not that big definitely but it's an A standard, it's only 160 gig. And what we're gonna do is we're gonna replace it with a three terabyte Seagate drive. So let's go ahead and we are going to see what that looks like. All right Zach, so one of the first things that we do is, first we're gonna protect ourselves, right? We're gonna go ahead and we're gonna disconnect the power connector here from the power supply, and what I like to do is I like to press the power button and just hold it in a little bit. And it kind of gets rid of any excess electricity that might be remaining just to protect yourself. And then the second part of this is actually protecting the components with inside of. The system unit, or the case if you will. And we're gonna use our proper ESD prevention techniques. If you're not familiar with electrostatic discharge or ESD prevention techniques, then hop over to ITVProTV's course library. Because we do have COMPTIA and A+ courses that will go a lot more into electro static discharge. >> And you should hop over there. >> That's right. Let's go ahead. The next thing we're going to do is we're going to take the hard drive out. Because we're going to replace it. Keep in mind that sometimes you have other components that are within the case that might make this a little bit difficult. For instance, you can see this pretty sizable Radian, or ASUS, if you will, graphics card here. Thank goodness that I can actually take this out of here without having to do that. But again, your case might not allow you that ability, but I'm going to go ahead and what I'm going to do is I'm going to pull the main power connector off to the side here, and the very first thing I'm going to do is I'm going to disconnect the data cable. Now, I'm going to keep the data cable in the position that it is, down here, if we can zoom in, you'll see there's a series of ports right here. Very good and notice that I've got this. This data cable is actually in Port 1. All right, it differs a little bit on motherboards. It might be Port 0, then Port 1, 2, and 3. This one goes actually Port 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Sometimes that affects whether it'll boot up or not, once you got your operating system installed. In this case it really doesn't matter. This motherboard just knows to search the ports. The serial ATA ports for the master boot record or GPT when it is booting up. So, I'm gonna go ahead, and I'm gonna leave that in that first position there so that when we replace the drive and go to install our operating system. It's already in the right position. Next thing I'm gonna do, you'll see here is I'm gonna disconnect the power connector from the back of the drive as well if I can get that out so you guys can see that out there. So I'm disconnecting the power connector as well and I'm gonna kinda leave that to the side. Now, you'll notice that for the most part, this case is almost tooless, except for installing the motherboard. It really depends on your case so for instance, these sprage just kinda lift up and we can't tighten it down. I kind of just can't tightened it really but you can actually move it right to the side, and you'll see that the hard drive will actually slide right out the back and noticed that the graphics car is kinda in the way here. We do have enough space if you'll check that out to pull this hard drive right out below the case. Now, what you can see is we have these little clips. And what they do is kinda like guides, they go up these rails and it makes it very easy to uninstall a drive and then reinstall a drive here. And what we just need to do, is we need to make sure that we take these off of the failed hard drive, right? Or if, would this could be an upgrade, right? In this case, we might have a drive here that hasn't really failed, maybe it's just the fact that, it's because this is an old 160 gig drive, and by today's standards, that's so small. And then what we need to do is we're gonna take the three terabyte drive and I'll show you how I know that by the way, ladies and gentlemen. Once you've specked out your drive, you can see we have 3,000 gigabytes and again, desktop HDD. You can see Seagate here so. This is the newer drive, and what we need to do is we just need to replace these little easy remove. At sometimes, they might be clipped so I'm going to say clip here, accidentally but these are literally are just screws that have little rubber washers on them. That help for the guide rails, right. And guide that drive back in place. It's really really nice. It used to be, you used to have screwdrivers and stuff that you'd have to use, and even before that, when you're talking about the old Parallel ATA drives, they were a nightmare to work with especially with the big old ribbon cables that you used to have to use. It used to be a nightmare to get these in and out. Today, not so bad, we put our little guides here in place and what we're gonna do is we're gonna take that drive. And we're just going to basically line it back up here, you can see, and you might have to move that back up to unlock it here. And they just kind of guide themselves right back into place. That's one of the great things about having a drive like this. Now, notice something here. I did push that down and it wont let it go all the way back in place, so make sure that you seat that in the right location and seat it firmly so that you don't have to worry about the drive rattling around in there. Because the mechanical drives can move a good bit especially if you talk about high RPM drives. Then what we're gonna do here, I know it's hard to see, I'm gonna get my hand out of there is I'm just gonna replace this power connector. And that is replaced. And then the next thing that we're gonna do is we're gonna take the data cable and we're gonna go ahead, and the good thing about the serial ATA specification is you will notice that there's these little blades, right? So it's kinda difficult to get them in wrong. They line up fairly easy and it really is just as simple as that. We've replaced the hard drive and it didn't take too much. Now, one of the last things that we're going to do before we get into installing our operating system is I'm just going to go ahead and disconnect the ESD wrist strap, right? And then it's just a matter of replacing- >> Safety first, always. >> Yes, that's right. We're gonna replace the case, and then in the next part of this, what we're gonna show you is, now that you've replaced your drive, if you were to turn around and reboot this computer, it would give you the same error, right? It would say, you need to have an appropriate boot device. Why is that? Well, we don't have an operating system on that. So in the second part of this, what we're going to show you is how to obtain your operating system, make a bootable usb drive, throw it in the computer and install your operating system. So, fairly straight forward, right? >> Yeah, great job. >> Not do difficult, thank you there, so let's go ahead, one of the last things that we're going to do is we're going to just replace the cover, so I can go ahead, Zach if you can help me out here >> This is fairly easy and again, it's just matter of replacing down. You can see we're just putting the case back on here and that's it, right? So pretty straight forward, not too difficult. So just make sure that when it comes down to it and when we you do replace your hard drive, just pay attention to what the motherboard manufacturer, the specifications of the motherboard. So you know which of the standards that it is that you have to use or purchase when you replace the hard drive. The other thing to keep in mind too, remember safety. You want to disconnect any power from the machine before you get in there and you start working with it. The other thing too is, I know that some people use them, some people don't, but also make sure that you're using your electrostatic discharge wrist wraps or doing self grounding techniques, just by touching the inside of the case because you certainly don't want to try to replace a damaged component, and then damage additional components when you're replacing them. >> Didn't he do a wonderful job? he made it look so easy, and this has been HDD replacement, and installation, and by the way this part one. Part two, we do the operating system, so you wanna make sure you watch that, and in fact watch everything in the series, a PC maintainance. As Wes mentioned earlier go to our course library, hundreds of videos, and they're all designed to do one thing. Help you go further. Hey, tell everybody you know about ITProTV. They'll be glad you did. Thanks for watching, I'm Zach Memos. >> And I'm Wes Bryan. >> And we will see you soon. [MUSIC] >> Thank you for watching ITProTV.

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